The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is from birth to five and the final year of the EYFS is the reception year of school.  

Four guiding principles shape practice in early years:

The framework covers the education and care of all children in early years provision, including children with special educational needs and disabilities. 

The EYFS states that effective learning is characterised by:

We place a very strong focus on the three Prime Areas 

These are fundamental to children’s learning and development and 'open the door' to learning in the Specific Areas of Learning and Development: 


Using the outdoors provides young children with opportunities to:


We value Ofsted's definition of teaching:

TEACHING should not be taken to imply a ‘top down’ or formal way of working.  It is a broad term that covers the many different ways in which adults help young children learn.  It includes their interactions with children during planned and child-initiated play and activities: communicating and modelling language, showing, explaining, demonstrating, exploring ideas, encouraging, questioning, recalling, providing a narrative for what they are doing, facilitating and setting challenges.  It takes account of the equipment adults provide and the attention given to the physical environment, as well as the structure and routines of the day that establish expectations.  Integral to teaching is how practitioners assess what children know, understand and can do, as well as taking account of their interests and dispositions to learn (characteristics of effective learning), and how practitioners use this information to plan children’s next steps in learning and monitor their progress. 



If you would like to know more about children’s early learning and development, then you may find the Parents Area of the Foundation Years website very useful and interesting: